技术讨论区:老司机教你如何开别人的车!

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How to hotwire a car
如何如何在没有钥匙的情况下发动车辆
This is a step by step guide to hotwiring a car. Hot-wiring is absolutely illegal without the owner's permission, unless the car is being repossessed (in which case the "owner" no longer owns the car anyway). There is a huge risk of electrical shock while hot-wiring, and it may not work in many cases. Some newer model cars have the required components hidden so you can't reach them. Others have "kill switches," which shut down the engine so that it cannot be started, even with the key. Older model cars, like any gas-guzzler from 2004 on down, will work. So will some hybrid and electric cars.
本文将一步步的教你如何在没有钥匙的情况下发动汽车。请注意,在没有得到车主许可的情况下这样做绝对是违法的,除非车被转手或“易主”(车主不再“拥有”该车辆)。在操作过程中有很大的可能会被电击而且在很多情况下可能还不是很管用。新型车辆上装有很多我们无法触碰到的隐藏式部件,还有的车上装有用来将引擎关闭并防止其再次启动的“熄火开关”,这种情况下即使有钥匙也白搭。但对稍老型号的车,比方说2004年前的车来说,这些方法还是很管用的。在有些混合动力或者电动车上这些方法也管用。
Steps
步骤

Method 1
方法1

1、Open the hood.
打开引擎盖
2、Locate the red coil wire. Both the plug and coil wires are located at the rear (back) of almost all V-8 engines. Four-cylinder engines have them placed on the right side, near the center of the engine. Six-cylinder engines are on the opposite: left side, near the center of the engine。
定位红色线圈。几乎所有V8引擎的插口和线圈都在其后部(背面)。四缸引擎的一般在其右侧靠近引擎中部的位置。六缸引擎的则在相反的位置,也就是在其左侧靠近引擎中部的位置。
3、Locate the battery (it's square and has two red and black cables).
定位电池(方形并有红黑两根电缆)
4、Run a wire from the positive side of the battery (not negative!) to either the positive side of the coil, or the red wire that leads to the coil. This will give power to the dashboard, which is essential if you ever want it to start.
从电池的正极迁出一根导线(千万记住不是负极)并将其连接到线圈的正极或者连接线圈的红色导线上。这样仪表板就有了电力,这是将车辆启动所必要的条件。
5、Locate the starter solenoid. On Fords, it is on the passenger-side fender well, near the battery. On GMs, it is on the starter under the steering wheel.
定位启动器电磁线圈。福特车型中这个部件位于副驾一侧的挡泥槽处,靠近电池。GM车型中这个部件在方向盘下方启动器上。
6、If under the steering wheel, enter the car without setting off any alarms. If it has standard transmission, make sure the car is in neutral and the parking brake is on.
如果在方向盘下方,则应在不出发报警器的情况下进入车内。如果该车使用的是标准变速装置,则应保证挂在空档上并拉好停车刹车。
7、Unlock the steering wheel by taking a flat blade screwdriver and placing it at the top center of the steering column. Push the screwdriver between the wheel and the column, then push the locking pin away from the wheel. Don't worry, you're allowed to be rough here. The locking pin will not break or set off any alarms. The solenoid should be underneath.
将一字螺丝刀放入转向柱上部中心处,打开方向盘。将螺丝刀推入方向盘和转向柱之间,然后将锁定插销推出方向盘。不要担心,这里用点力气也没有关系。锁定插销不会断裂也不会触发警报。打开后应该就能开到下部的电磁线圈。
8、You will see a small wire at the top of the solenoid and the positive battery cable below. Cross the two different terminal that they are connected to with a screwdriver or pliers. This will crank the engine, giving you leave to drive. Congratulations.
你将会看到电磁线圈顶部的一根小电线,下面是电池正极电缆。将这两根电线所连接的接线柱用螺丝刀或者钳子连接起来。这样就能发动引擎了~~恭喜恭喜~!!!

技术讨论区:老司机教你如何开别人的车!

Method 2
方法2

1、Enter car. Do not break into a car unless you own it and have documentation to prove it. Be aware that forced entry will set an intrusion alarm off if the vehicle is so equipped.
进入车辆内部。切勿强行进入车辆,除非你拥有该车而且有合法的证明文件。注意强行进入装有报警装置的车辆将引发警报。
2、Determine if the steering column and gear selector can be overridden, if so equipped. Serious damage to the shifting mechanism and/or steering column will result in forcing these theft deterrant mechanisms in an attempt to override them.
判断转向柱和换挡器是否可以被其他机件所控制。对转向机件和/或转向柱的严重损坏可能导致这些机件被防盗系统所接管。
3、Look under steering wheel. This may require taking an access cover off. These are usually held in place with concealed clips or #2 Phillips type screws. Remove if needed.
观察方向盘下方。此时可能需要将方向盘盖板移除。一般盖板都是用隐藏式卡夹或者2号十字螺丝固定的。有必要时应将其移除。
4、See if there is a clip or wiring harness connector in which you can gain access to the wires behind the ignition.
观察是否能找到卡夹或者是集线器。通过这些可以找到点火器后面的电线。
5、Look for the two wires that are the same, usually red and strip them and twist them together. One of these will be the primary power supply for the ignition switch, the other will be the connection for the vehicle's electrical circuits that are energised when the key is turn to the run position. Connecting these will provide electricity for the ignition components, so the engine is able to run when the starter is turned.
寻找两根一摸一样的电线,一般为红色,将线皮剥离后将他们缠绕在一起。其中一根线是点火开关的主供电线路,另外一根则是在钥匙转到正确方位时为车辆电路供电的线路。将这两根电线连接后将为点火部件供电,这样在转动启动器时引擎就被启动。
6、Strip about 1 inch of insulation from this pair of wires, and twist them tightly together. Wrap with electrician's tape if available, and do not allow them to short against metal vehicle components.
将这对电线头部的绝缘层削去大约1英寸后将其牢固的缠绕到一起。如有绝缘胶布可对其进行缠绕并防止其接触到车辆金属部件而造成短路。
7、Get the ignition wire, brown in many cars, strip it about 1/2 inch, and touch the end of the stripped brown wire with the connected red wires.
找到点火线,在大多数车中为褐色。削去大约1/2英寸绝缘层后,用其接触缠绕在一起的红色电线。
8、Do not twist the brown wire to the reds, just touch the wires until ignition has been achieved.
不要将褐色电线缠绕到红色电线上,不断接触两股电线,直到发动成功为止。
9、Rev the engine enough so you don't stall and have to do this process again.
给引擎催油,防止发动机停转。

Method 3
方法3
This is the most effective method due to the fact that you don't need to bother keeping wires together, raising the hood, or unlocking the steering wheel. If you hotwire it with the wires only, your steering wheel WILL NOT TURN unless you break the steering lock. The "classic screwdriver method" where you put a screwdriver in the lock and twist doesn't work because you can't generate enough torque with your bare hands to make the lock pins break off without breaking the lock off of its mounting structure, thereby rendering the car useless. Use this method instead.
本方法最为行之有效,不需要费时去做诸如将导线连接,打开引擎盖或者拆开方向盘之类的事情。此前如果你只是通过接线法发动,除非你将转向锁拆除否则你的方向盘将无法转向。而经典的螺丝刀法中所使用的用螺丝刀转动锁具的方法也无法成功,因为仅靠双手无法产生足以将锁具内锁栓折断并同时还能保证不会将锁具从其安放架构上意外拆除而导致车辆报废的扭矩力。此时应该使用本方法进行作业:

1、Gather materials: 1 flathead screwdriver with an insulated handle, 1 cordless drill and a small drill bit.
收集材料:1把带有绝缘手柄的一字螺丝刀,1把充电式电钻和小号钻头。
2、Take it from an expert: So, there is a flap at the end of the keyhole. Position the drill on the keyhole about 2/3 of the way up and drill in about the length of a key. This will destroy your lock pins and make the key switch able to be turned on and off without a key. Every pin has 2 sections, followed by a spring, so drill it more than once, removing the drill each time to allow the bits of the lock inside to fall into place.
专家告诉你怎么做:那么我们都知道,锁孔尾部有个锁片。很简单,将电钻放置在锁孔大约从下往上大约2/3处,然后钻进大约一把钥匙的距离。这将毁掉锁具中的锁栓,导致在没有钥匙的情况下也可以自由的开闭锁具。每个索栓有两节,其底部是一个弹簧。因此要多钻几次,每次将钻头带出,以方便碎屑落出锁具外。
3、Put the screwdriver in the same way you would put your key in, it doesn't have to go in deep because the pins are already broken.
用插钥匙的方法将螺丝刀插入锁孔,不需要插得太深,因为所有的锁栓都已经断裂了。
4、Use it the same way you use your key, just turn it.
按照你使用钥匙的方式,转动锁具。
Warning: this method will destroy your key switch and make it so anyone with a screwdriver or an exceptionally strong fingernail to steal your car.
警告:该方法将会毁掉你的锁具,此后任何人用一把螺丝刀或强韧的指甲就能把你的车偷走。

older  ['əʊldə]  详细X
基本翻译
n. (Older)人名;(英)奥尔德
adj. 年长的;较旧的
网络释义
Older: 年长
older patients: 老年患者
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